Barometers in English

Wind energy barometer 2017

302.7 TWh The estimated electricity production from wind power in the EU in 2016
The global wind energy market appears to have encountered its initial limits. Since the beginning of the millennium it has expanded almost continuously to achieve 64.4 GW in 2015. Preliminary estimates for 2016 point to sales of 54.2 GW, which is down on the previous year’s performance. Nonetheless, the results were good enough to give double digit growth of 12.4%, which took the global installed base up to 486.7 GW.

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Photovoltaic barometer 2017

100 935 MWp in the European Union at the end of 2016
Not just a wave, it’s a breaker that has made landfall on the global solar power market, driven by strong Asian and American demand. The global solar photovoltaic market surged past the 76 GW mark in 2016, with peak growth at 50%. The European market seems to have drifted into slack water. It connected only 6.1 GW of additional capacity in 2016 and in doing so slipped below the previous year’s figure of 7.9 GW. The sector’s regulatory framework is being overhauled with a view to integrating more renewably-sourced electricity into the market.

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Wind energy barometer 2016

303.5 TWh The estimated electric production from wind power in the EU in 2015
The spectacular rise of China’s wind power market that resulted in connecting at least 30.5 GW, catapulted the global installation level to 62.7 GW in 2015– a 22% more than in 2014! The US and German markets also performed very well, the former because its tax credit mechanism remained in force and the latter because many of its offshore wind farms in the North Sea were connected to the grid. Global wind turbine capacity has increased by 17% and now stands at 432.6 GW.

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Photovoltaic barometer 2016

94,568 MWp in the European Union at the end of 2015
The European Union solar photovoltaic market picked up in 2015 after three successive years of decline. It registered 3% growth over the twelve-month period, by installing 7 226 MW, which took Europe’s installed capacity to date to 94.6 GW. The global market soared by comparison, gaining 25% year-on-year and connecting at least 50 GW, which took global PV capacity past the 227-GW mark.

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Solar thermal and concentrated solar power barometer 2016

– 8.6% The decrease of the solar thermal market in the European Union in 2015
In 2015, the European Union saw its solar thermal market contract for the seventh year in a row. EurObserv’ER puts sales of solar thermal capacity installed for the heating market (hot water and space heating) at 1 861 MWth, equivalent to a 2.7 million m² of collectors… a further 8.6% decrease on the previous year’s poor performance. Combined solar thermal capacity installed to date in the EU stands at 34.3 GWth, or 49 million m² of collectors.

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Biofuels barometer 2016

– 1.7% The decrease of biofuels consumption for transport in the European Union between 2014 and 2015 (in energy content)

The European biofuel market is now regulated by the directive, known as ILUC, whose wording focuses on the environmental impact of firstgeneration biofuel development. This long-awaited clarification has arrived against the backdrop of falling oil prices and shrinking European Union biofuel consumption, which should drop by 1.7% between 2014 and 2015, according to EurObserv’ER.

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Heat pumps barometer 2016

+20% : the increase of the heat pump market in the EU between 2014 and 2015
The heat pump (HP) sector had an excellent year in 2015. Appliance sales taking all heating and cooling market technologies into account, increased by 20% from 2 212 898 units in 2014 to 2 655 331 units in 2015. The emerging trend over the past few years specific to the HP segment for water-borne systems is that air-source HPs are clearly gaining market shares to the detriment of the ground-source HP market, while reversible HPs using air as their vector are taking advantage of record temperatures that have given a boost to the cooling market.

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Solid biomass barometer 2016

+ 6.7% the growth of electricity from solid biomass in the UE between 2014 and 2015

Solid biomass consumption, primarily wood energy, is still largely governed by heating requirements which are climate-dependent. The main factor for the European rebound in solid biomass consumption as primary energy during the winter of 2015 is that it was not as mild across the continent as the previous winter. Leaving aside climatic variations, the use of solid biomass for producing heat or electricity has tended to increase in the European Union, spurred on by European support policies. A new consumption record of 93.8 Mtoe was posted in 2015… a rise of 3.8 Mtoe over 2014.

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16th annual overview barometer

EurObserv’ER has been gathering data on the European Union’s renewable energy sources for seventeen years for its themebased barometer reports on the state of the sectors and their momentum. The first part of this work is a summary of the barometers published in 2016 for the wind energy, solar photovoltaic, solar thermal, heat pump, biofuel and solid biomass sectors. The data drawn from these barometers has been updated and supplemented by data on the sectors for which no individual barometers were published – small hydropower, biogas, geothermal energy, concentrated solar power, household refuse incineration and renewable marine energy sources.

Hence this publication offers a comprehensive energy dimension review of the twelve renewable sectors that are now developed in the European Union on an industrial scale. It also gives for the first time a view of the share of RES heating and cooling in the building stock.

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Wind energy barometer 2015

baro-jde16_FR10.1% The growth of the total wind power capacity in the EU in 2014
The 2014 global wind energy market surged and set a new record after the previous year’s slowdown. More than 52 GW of capacity was installed across the world compared to a little less than 37 GW in 2013. Global wind energy took a 41.4% leap in 2014 to culminate in more than 371 GW of installed capacity.

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Photovoltaic barometer 2015

EurObservER-Photovoltaic-Barometer-201586 674 MWp in the European Union at the end of 2014
The global photovoltaic market continued to expand between 2013 and 2014, rising from 37.6 GW to almost 40 GW unlike the European Union market that plummeted further. The EurObserv’ER estimate of the European photovoltaic market is about 6.9 GWp in 2014, a 32.3 % drop on 2013, yet three years earlier, in 2011, it hovered around the 22 GWp mark.

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Solar thermal and concentrated solar power barometer 2015

EurObservER-Solar-Thermal-and-CSP-Barometer-2015_mini2 311,5 MWe The CSP plant generation capacity in the EU at the end of 2014
European concentrated solar power capacity remained stable in 2014 and will probably post a negligible increase in 2015. Construction work on a number of new facilities in Italy that are scheduled for commissioning in 2016 and 2017 could commence in the second half of the year. The European solar thermal market for producing heat, domestic hot water and heating has not found the recipe for recovery. According to EurObserv’ER , the market contracted by a further 3.7% from its 2013 level which is the sixth decrease in a row.

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Biofuels barometer 2015

Biofuel-barometer-2015-cover+ 6.1% The increase of biofuel consumption in European Union transport between 2013 and 2014 (in energy content)

Biofuel consumption for transport picked up in Europe after a year of uncertainty and decline, increasing by 6.1% over 2013, to 14 million toe (Mtoe) according to EurObserv’ER ’s first estimates. However it is still below its 2012 level when 14.5 Mtoe of biofuel was incorporated. Consumption of biofuel that meets the European Renewable Energy directive’s sustainability criteria rose to 12.5 Mtoe, its highest level so far.

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Heat pumps barometer 2015

Heat-pumps-barometer-2015-cover10% the increase of the aerothermal air/air heat pump market in the EU between 2013 and 2014
Heat pumps have moved up the ranks of renewable energy-producing heating technologies since the mid-2000s. The EU Member States’ individual market trends are characterised by the technologies used and their heating and cooling needs. More than 1.7 million systems were sold in the European Union in 2014. According to EurObserv’ER, several market factors were responsible for sales dipping slightly below their 2013 level of just under 2 million.

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Solid biomass barometer 2015

EurObservER-Soid-biomass-Barometer-2015_mini+ 4.5% the growth of electricity from solid biomass in the UE between 2013 and 2014

The European Reanalysis and Observations for Monitoring (EURO4M) project experts report that the year 2014 was unusually hot on the European continent, with the highest temperatures on record, following on from 2013 whose winter conditions were also exceptionally mild, and ahead of 2015 which is also set to be very warm. This situation led to a fall in solid biomass consumption for heating across the European Union. In 2014 electricity output increased by 4.5% on its 2013 level to 84.8 TWh, as the vagaries of climate have less impact on demand and it was also boosted by the expansion of biomass cogeneration and new coal-fired power plant conversions.

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15th annual overview barometer

For sixteen years now, EurObserv’ER has been collecting data on European Union renewable energy sources to describe the state and thrust of the various sectors in its focus studies or barometers. The first part of this assessment is an updated and completed summary of the work published in 2015 in Systèmes Solaires (Journal de l’Éolien n° 16, Journal du Photovoltaïque n° 13 and Journal des Énergies Renouvelables n° 227, 228 and 229).

This publication provides a complete overview of the twelve renewable sectors. Their performances are compared against the sta-ted goals set out by each country in its National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP). Additionally, for the sixth year running, the EurObserv’ER consortium members have published their annual renewable energy share estimates of overall final energy consumption for each Member State of the European Union. These figures provide preliminary indication of how the various countries are faring along their renewable energy paths and whether their individual trends point to successful achievement of the targets set by European Directive 2009/28/EC.

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Wind energy barometer 2014

baro-jde14_en10.2 % The growth of the total wind power capacity in the EU in 2013
Global wind energy capacity increased by 12.4 % in 2013 to 318.6 GW (283.4 GW at the end of 2012), while the global market shrank to 35.6 GW shedding 10 GW. Worldwide market contraction is largely attributable to the collapse of the US market, as a result of the eleventh-hour extension of the federal incentive system. The European market also declined because of investors’ lack of confidence in the region’s new policies. If we take the United States and Europe out of the equation, the global market continued to grow, driven by the Chinese and Canadian wind power sectors.

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Photovoltaic barometer 2014

baro-jdp1178 798 MWp in the European Union at the end of 2013
The global solar photovoltaic market enjoyed a strong revival in 2013. Preliminary estimates put it in excess of 37 GWp, compared to 30 GWp in 2012 and 2011. The solar photovoltaic sector led the annual installed capacity ratings for renewable energies, taking worldwide capacity up to 137 GWp by the end of the year … a 35% year-on-year increase. At global level the high growth markets – China, Japan and America – contrast sharply with the contracting European Union market.

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Solar thermal and concentrated solar power barometer 2014

BaroSolarThermal20142 311,5 MWe The CSP plant generation capacity in the EU at the end of 2013
The European concentrated solar plant market is set to mark time for a year following efforts to complete construction on 350 MW of CSP capacity in Spain in 2013. The spotlight has switched to Italy which could re-launch the European market within a couple of years. The European solar thermal market for heat and hot water production and space heating, is shrinking all the time. EurObserv’ER reports that the market is in its fifth successive year of contraction in the European Union. It now posts a 10.5% decline on its 2012 performance having struggled to install just over 3 million m2 of collectors in 2013.

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Biofuels barometer 2014

BaroBio20146.8% the drop in biofuel consumption in European Union transport between 2012 and 2013
The growth of biofuel consumption for use in transport in the European Union (EU -28) has dwindled in the past few years and finally dropped by about 1 million toe (6.8%) between 2012 and 2013 according to EurObserv’ER , to a consumption level of 13.6 million toe. Nevertheless, sustainable biofuel consumption, certified and thus eligible for inclusion in European targets increased slightly by 1.1% to 11.8 Mtoe.

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Biogas barometer 2014

BaroBiogaz2014+10.2% Biogas primary energy production growth in 2013
The expansion of biogas energy usage has continued across the European Union. According to EurObserv’ER , about 13. 4 million tonnes oil equivalent (Mtoe) of biogas primary energy were produced during 2013, which is 1.2 Mtoe more than in 2012 representing a 10.2% growth. However, the biogas sector’s momentum was more sluggish than in 2012 (16.9% between 2011 and 2012, giving an additional 1.8 Mtoe) and it is expected to lose some of its impetus in 2014 in a number of countries whose sector expansion controlling policy changes will limit the future use of energy crops.

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Renewable municipal waste barometers 2014

baro224msw+ 0.7 % The growth of primary energy output from renewable municipal waste in the EU relative to 2013
Preliminary estimates compiled by EurObserv’ER suggest that the production of primary renewable energy recovered by household refuse incineration plants in the countries of the European Union, only increased by 0.7% in 2013 to achieve 8.7 million toe. On the bright side of things, heat sales to networks surged, which reflected better use of the primary energy.

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Solid biomass barometer 2014

baro225_biomasse+ 6.1% The growth of primary energy production from solid biomass in the UE between 2012 and 2013
Consumption of solid biomass in the European Union increased once again in 2013, this time by 2.9 Mtoe year-on-year to 91.5 Mtoe. However there was no straight-out trend as the increase in demand for solid biomass energy was particularly sharp in France and the UK and to a lesser degree in Spain and in Italy … in deep contrast with the needs of a number of major wood-energy consumers, such as Sweden and Poland, whose consumption slipped.

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14th annual overview barometer

This publication provides a complete overview of ten renewable energy sectors, supplemented by two notes on concentrated solar power and ocean energy. Additionally, for the fifth year running, the EurObserv’ER consortium members have published their annual renewable energy share estimates of overall final energy consumption for each Member State of the European Union. This issue also provides with the importance of the sectors in terms of employment and turnover. For the second time, a chapter dedicated to investment in RES sectors in Europe shows how the sectors are making their way through the economic crisis. And finally, selected case studies show what new business models are emerging for the financing of RES projects.

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Wind power barometer 2013

EurObservER-Wind-power-barometer-2013-baroJde12-fr-eng+12,3 % the growth of the total wind power capacity in the EU in 2012
Wind power makes further inroads into the world’s electricity mix every year. It looks as though global wind power capacity will increase by another 44 184MW in 2012, and so raise global installed capacity to more than 281 GW. Growth in 2012 was driven by the United States, which chalked up a new installation record, and Europe, which remains a safe bet in the world market. The Asian market weakened a little but its potential for this year nonetheless looks bright.

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Photovoltaic Barometer 2013

EurObservER-Photovoltaic-barometer-2013-baroJdpv9-fr-eng68 647,2 MWp in the European Union at the end of 2012
After the euphoria of 2011, the European Union’s photovoltaic market slowed right down in 2012. EurObserv’ER puts newly-connected capacity in 2012 at 16.5 GWp compared to 22 GWp in 2011, which is a 25% slide. At global level the market generally held up, with just over 30 GWp installed, bolstered by the build-up of the America and Asian markets.

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Solar thermal and concentrated solar power barometer 2013

EurObservER-Solar-Thermal-barometer-2013-baro215-fr-eng1 959,7 MWe The CSP plant electrical generating capacity in the EU at the end of 2012
The European concentrated solar power plant market is steeling itself for tough time ahead. The number of projects under construction is a pittance compared with 2012 that was an excellent year for installations (an additional 802.5 MW of capacity recorded). This drop is the result of the moratorium on renewable energy power plants introduced by the Spanish government. The European solar thermal market is hardly any more encouraging. EurObserv’ER holds that it slipped for the fourth year in a row (it dropped 5.5% between 2011 and 2012). The newly-installed solar thermal collector surface area in the EU now stands at 3.4 million m2, far short of its 2008 installation record of 4.6 million m2.

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Biofuels barometer 2013

EurObservER-Biofuels-Barometer-2013+ 2.9% the increase in EU biofuel consumption in transport between 2011 and 2012
Despite the uncertain political context, biofuel consumption growth was firm in the European Union, rising to almost 14.4 million toe in 2012, i.e. a year-on-year increase of 0.4 million toe. However the previous years’ weaker growth trend is confirmed with growth at just 2.9% between 2011 and 2012.

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Heat pumps barometer 2013

baro218_en7.9% the decrease of the heat pump market in the European Union between 2011 and 2012
Demand on the European heat pump market has been a series of peaks and troughs since 2008 after several years of very strong growth. These fluctuations in annual sales affect the whole of Europe, and its individual countries. Sales have been hit by a blend of economic slowdown, financial uncertainties and low new construction figures. The 2012 trend pointed to further decline, because of tighter conditions in some of the key markets. The assessment made by EurObserv’ER of the air source and ground source HP market for domestic heating and cooling shows that sales decreased from 1.79 million units in 2011 to 1.65 million units in 2012, i.e. a 7.9% drop.

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Solid biomass barometer 2013

EurObservER-Solid-Biomass-Barometer-20135.4% The growth of primary energy production from solid biomass in the EU between 2011 and 2012
Primary energy production from solid biomass is back on the road to growth, which according to EurObserv’ER stood at about 5.4% between 2011 and 2012. Output rose to 82.3 million tonnes of oil equivalent, which is a 4.2 Mtoe improvement on 2011, whose exceptionally mild winter put paid to the sector’s uninterrupted rise since 1999. This growth was enjoyed by all the solid biomass energy application sectors. Heat sales to heating networks increased 12.9% to 7.9 Mtoe in 2012 while electricity production, boosted by coal-fired power station conversions, gained 7.8% to produce 79.5 TWh.

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13th annual overview barometer

EurObservER-Annual-Overview-2013This publication provides a complete overview of ten renewable sectors, supplemented by two notes on concentrated solar power and ocean energy. Additionally, for the fourth year running, the EurObserv’ER consortium members have published their annual renewable energy share estimates of overall final energy consumption for each Member State of the European Union. This issue also provides with the importance of the sectors in terms of employment and turnover. Finally, for the first time, a chapter dedicated to investment in RES sectors in Europe shows how the sectors are making their way through the economic crisis.

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Wind power barometer 2012

EurObservER-Wind-power-barometer-2012-baroJde10-fr-eng5,9 % decrease in the EU wind turbine market registered between 2010 and 2011
Notwithstanding the economic crisis affecting most of the globe’s major economies, wind energy continues to gain supporters around the world. Global wind power capacity increased by 40.5 GW between 2010 and 2011 compared to a 39 GW rise between 2009 and 2010, after deduction of decommissioned capacity. By the end of 2011 global installed wind turbine capacity should stand at around 238.5 GW, and much of the world’s growth is being driven by capacity build-up in the emerging markets. In contrast some of the key wind energy markets may be showing fault lines.

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Photovoltaic Barometer 2012

EurObservER-Photovoltaic-barometer-2012-baroJdpv7-fr-eng51 357,4 MWp in the EU at the end of 2011
The global photovoltaic market has continued to expand despite the economic and financial crisis. Capacity in excess of 29 000 MWp was connected in 2011, which is roughly 12 200 MWp more than in 2010. The European Union is still the main hive of installation activity. It added more than 21 500 additional MWp of capacity to the grid last year, while outside the EU, the surging Chinese, American and Japanese markets vouch for the enormous growth potential offered by solar power worldwide.

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Solar thermal and concentrated solar power barometer 2012

EurObservER-Solar-Thermal-barometer-2012-baro209-fr-eng27 545 MWth: the EU’s solar thermal base to date at the end of 2011
After two years of sharp decline, the European solar thermal market is bottoming out. The EurObserv’ER survey findings are that the installation figure fell just 1.9% in comparison with 2010, giving a newly-installed collector area of 3.7 million m2. The concentrated solar power sector has been forging ahead alongside the heat production applications, and at the end of 2011 installed capacity passed the one gigawatt mark in Spain for the first time with 1 157.2 MWe.

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Biofuels barometer 2012

EurObservER-Biofuels-barometer-2012-baro210-fr-eng+ 3,1 % the increase in EU biofuel transport consumption in 2011
The European Union governments no longer view the rapid increase in biofuel consumption as a priority. Between 2010 and 2011 biofuel consumption increased by 3.1%, which translates into 14 million tonnes of oil equivalent (toe) used in 2011 compared to 13.6 million toe in 2010. The European Union’s attention has shifted to setting up sustainability systems to verify that the biofuel used in the various countries complies with the Renewable Energy Directive’s sustainability criteria.

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Biogas Barometer 2012

EurObservER-Biogas-barometer-2012-baro212-fr-eng+ 18,2 % biogas electricity production growth in 2011.
Biogas energy recovery for both electricity and heat application has increased in the European Union. The magnitude of the reduction in the primary energy figure can be played down as it can be explained by a change in reporting method of the main producer country, Germany. New markets are starting to emerge in its footsteps, but the economic crisis and regulatory restrictions do not auger well for their expansion.

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Renewable municipal waste barometer 2012

EurObservER-Renewable-municipal-waste-barometer-2012-baro212-fr-eng+ 2,6 % the growth of primary energy output from renewable municipal waste in the EU relative to 2010.
Energy recovery by incinerating household refuse in the European Union led to renewable energy production of more than 8.2 million tonnes of oil equivalent in 2011, which is a 2.6% increase on 2010. While the increase in waste-to-energy recovery is preferable to using landfills, under no circumstances should this growth be made at the cost of waste prevention and recycling policies.

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Solid biomass barometer 2012

EurObservER-Solid-Biomass-barometer-2012-baro212-fr-eng-2,9 % the growth of primary energy production from solid biomass in the EU between 2010 and 2011.
The winter of 2011 was exceptionally mild, even in Northern Europe, with unusually high temperatures. As a result the demand for firewood and solid biomass fuel was low. The European Union’s primary energy production from solid biomass between 2010 and 2011 contracted by 2.9% slipping to 78.8 Mtoe. Solid biomass electricity production continued to grow, driven by the additional take-up of biomass co-firing.

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12th annual overview barometer

EurObservER-Annual-Overview-2012This publication provides a complete overview of ten renewable sectors, supplemented by two notes on concentrated solar power and ocean energy. Additionally, for the third year running, the EurObserv’ER consortium members have published their annual renewable energy share estimates of overall final energy consumption for each Member State of the European Union. This issue also provides with the importance of the sectors in terms of employment and turnover. A focus on specific regions that were successful in developing RES sectors shows what are motivating factors for investors on the regional level.

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Wind power barometer 2011

EurObservER-Wind-power-barometer-2011-baro201-fr-eng5,8 % decrease in the EU wind turbine market registered between 2009 and 2010
For the first time in 20 years, growth of the global wind power market faltered, stumbling by 5.8% to 35.7 GW in 2010 (37.9 GW in 2009). The North American market has taken a knock and the European market has slowed down. On the other hand Asian market growth has crept up steadily and now has a grip on more than half the global market.

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Photovoltaic Barometer 2011

EurObservER-Photovoltaic-barometer-2011-baro202-fr-eng29327,7 MWp in the EU
The photovoltaic sector is continuing on track, just as the extent of solar energy’s electricity-generating potential is dawning on the public mind. The annual global installation figure was up more than twofold in 2010 (rising from just short of 7 000 MWp in 2009). It leapt to over 16 000 MWp, bringing worldwide installed photovoltaic capacity close to 38000 MWp.

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Solar thermal and concentrated solar power barometer 2011

EurObservER-Solar-Thermal-barometer-2011-baro203-fr-eng638,4 MWe The CSP plant electrical generating capacity
in the EU at the end of 2010

As could be expected, the recession cast long shadows over the European solar thermal market throughout 2010. For the second year running, new installations for hot water production and space heating (collectors) decreased. According to the EurObserv’ER survey the newly-assigned surface area was 3.8 million m2 in 2010, down from 4.2 million m2 in 2009 and 4.6 million m2 in 2008. At the same time, the European high-temperature solar sector related to electricity production has been taking shape alongside the heat-producing applications, with 638.4 MW already installed. Spain accounts for almost all of this capacity, and a further five EU countries, mostly Mediterranean, intend to develop the sector.

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Biofuels barometer 2011

EurObservER-Biofuels-barometer-2011-baro204-fr-eng13,6 % the increase in EU biofuel consumption in 2010
In 2010 biofuel continued to gnaw away at petrol and diesel consumption in the European Union. However its pace backs the assertion that EU biofuel consumption growth slackened off. In the transport sector, it increased by only 1.7 Mtoe compared to 2.7 Mtoe in 2009. The final total biofuel consumption figure for 2010 should hover at around 13,9 Mtoe.

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Ground-source heat pump barometer 2011

EurObservER-Ground-source-heat-pump-barometer-2011-baro205-fr-eng2,9% slide by the GHSP market in the EU between 2009 and 2010
The double whammy dealt by the economic crisis and housing slump has stifled expansion of the ground-source heat pump market in many European countries. The European Union market contracted for the second year running (by 2.9% between 2009 and 2010), and this despite the fact that more than 100 000 units were sold over the twelve-month period, taking the number of installed units past the one million mark.

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Solid biomass barometer 2011

EurObservER-Solid-Biomass-barometer-2011-baro206-fr-eng+ 8 % The growth of primary energy production from solid biomass in the EU between 2009 and 2010
The european Union Member states’ political resolve to develop the energy potential of solid biomass has started to pay off, as in 2010 there were clear signs that growth of primary energy production had quickened pace. The output figure rose to 79.3 Mtoe in 2010, which is 8% up on 2009 and deserves comparison with the previous year’s 4% rise (from 70.6 Mtoe in 2008). The trend, which was driven deeper by europe’s particularly cold winter of 2009-2010, demonstrates that the economic downturn failed to scuttle the Member states’ efforts to structure the solid biomass sector.

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11th annual overview barometer

EurObservER-Annual-Overview-2011For over ten years now, EurObserv’ER has been collecting data on European Union renewable energy sources to describe the state and thrust of the various sectors in its thematic barometers. The first part of this assessment is an updated and completed summary of the work published in 2011 in Systèmes Solaires (Journal des Énergies Renouvelables nos. 203, 204, 205 and 206, Journal de l’Éolien no. 8 and Journal du Photovoltaïque no.5). It provides a complete overview of the ten renewable sectors, supplemented by two summary notes on concentrated solar power and ocean energies. Their performances are compared against the 2020 targets of the European Commission directive and the Renewable Energy National Action Plan targets. This edition also provides a monitoring of socio-economic indicators (employment and turnover) for all sectors and for the 27 countries of the European Union. This 11th edition includes a new chapter with seven regional cases that have succeeded in attracting private investments in their territories to develop projects based on renewable technologies.

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Wind power barometer 2010

Cover Wind power barometer 2010+13,3% EU wind turbine market growth between 2008 and 2009
The global wind power market not only repelled the strictures of the financial crisis,but according to initial estimates, saw the installation of 37 GW, which is almost 10 GW up on 2008. China and the United States registered particularly steady growth and the European Union also picked up momentum to break its installation record.

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Biofuels barometer 2010

EurObservER-Biofuels-barometer-2010-baro198-fr-eng12.1 Mtoe of biofuels consumed in the transport sector in the EU in 2009
European Union biofuel use for transport reached the 12 million tonnes of oil equivalent (mtoe) threshold during 2009, heralding a further drop in the pace of the sector’s growth, which rose by only 18.7% between 2008 and 2009 – just 1.9 mtoe of consumption over the previous year. The biofuel incorporation rate in all fuels used by transport in the EU is unlikely to pass 4% in 2009, which is a very long way short of the 5.75% goal for 2010 set in the 2003 European biofuel directive, which would require around 18 mtoe of biofuel use.

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Renewable municipal waste barometer 2010

EurObservER-Renewable-municipal-waste-barometer-2010-baro200a-fr-eng7,7 Mtep of primary energy produced from the combustion of renewable municipal waste in the European Union in 2009
Approximately half the energy produced in Union European’s municipal waste incinération plants is obtained from fermentescible waste (ie biomass waste). To date, incinération is still the main energy conversion channel for renewable municipal waste, for in 2009, biomass energy output stood at 7.7 million toe, which is a 3.3% increase on 2008. Furthermore, this amount could be doubled, assuming a constant level of waste, by investing in modernisation and combustion efficiency improvements.

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Biogas Barometer 2010

EurObservER-Biogas-barometer-2010-baro200b-fr-eng8,3 Mtep of primary biogas energy produced in 2009 in the EU
The biogas sector has never before aroused so much attention as it does today. Elected officers and investors’ interest has been fired by the gradual introduction of regulatory restrictions on the treatment of organic waste and the renewable energy commitments recently made by the european Union member states. The biogas sector is gradually deserting its core activities of waste cleanup and treatment and getting involved in energy production, with so much enthusiasm that in some countries its scope of action has extended to using energy crops. Across the european Union, the sector’s progress is as clear as daylight, as in 2009, primary energy growth leapt by a further 4,3%.

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Solid biomass barometer 2010

EurObservER-Solid-Biomass-barometer-2010-baro200c-fr-eng72,8 Mtep primary energy production from solid biomass in the EU in 2009
Solid biomass leaves the other renewable energy sources standing in terms of use and potential. Primary energy output from solid biomass combustion rose in 2009 yet again to a new height of 72.8 Mtoe, which equates to a 3.6% increase on 2008. The reason for this exploit, which prevailed over the tight economic context, is the resolve made by many countries to rely on this energy to achieve their european electricity or heat production target levels.

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