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Biogas barometer 2014

+10.2% Biogas primary energy production growth in 2013
The expansion of biogas energy usage has continued across the European Union. According to EurObserv’ER , about 13. 4 million tonnes oil equivalent (Mtoe) of biogas primary energy were produced during 2013, which is 1.2 Mtoe more than in 2012 representing a 10.2% growth. However, the biogas sector’s momentum was more sluggish than in 2012 (16.9% between 2011 and 2012, giving an additional 1.8 Mtoe) and it is expected to lose some of its impetus in 2014 in a number of countries whose sector expansion controlling policy changes will limit the future use of energy crops.

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Renewable municipal waste barometer 2014

+ 0.7 % The growth of primary energy output from renewable municipal waste in the EU relative to 2013
Preliminary estimates compiled by EurObserv’ER suggest that the production of primary renewable energy recovered by household refuse incineration plants in the countries of the European Union, only increased by 0.7% in 2013 to achieve 8.7 million toe. On the bright side of things, heat sales to networks surged, which reflected better use of the primary energy.

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Biofuels barometer 2014

6.8% the drop in biofuel consumption in European Union transport between 2012 and 2013
The growth of biofuel consumption for use in transport in the European Union (EU -28) has dwindled in the past few years and finally dropped by about 1 million toe (6.8%) between 2012 and 2013 according to EurObserv’ER , to a consumption level of 13.6 million toe. Nevertheless, sustainable biofuel consumption, certified and thus eligible for inclusion in European targets increased slightly by 1.1% to 11.8 Mtoe.

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Solar thermal and concentrated solar power barometer

2 311,5 MWe The CSP plant generation capacity in the EU at the end of 2013
The European concentrated solar plant market is set to mark time for a year following efforts to complete construction on 350 MW of CSP capacity in Spain in 2013. The spotlight has switched to Italy which could re-launch the European market within a couple of years. The European solar thermal market for heat and hot water production and space heating, is shrinking all the time. EurObserv'ER reports that the market is in its fifth successive year of contraction in the European Union. It now posts a 10.5% decline on its 2012 performance having struggled to install just over 3 million m2 of collectors in 2013.

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Photovoltaic barometer 2014

78 798 MWp in the European Union at the end of 2013
The global solar photovoltaic market enjoyed a strong revival in 2013. Preliminary estimates put it in excess of 37 GWp, compared to 30 GWp in 2012 and 2011. The solar photovoltaic sector led the annual installed capacity ratings for renewable energies, taking worldwide capacity up to 137 GWp by the end of the year … a 35% year-on-year increase. At global level the high growth markets – China, Japan and America – contrast sharply with the contracting European Union market.

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Wind energy barometer

10.2% The growth of the total wind power capacity in the EU in 2013
Global wind energy capacity increased by 12.4% in 2013 to 318.6 GW (283.4 GW at the end of 2012), while the global market shrank to 35.6 GW shedding 10 GW. Worldwide market contraction is largely attributable to the collapse of the US market, as a result of the eleventh-hour extension of the federal incentive system. The European market also declined because of investors' lack of confidence in the region's new policies. If we take the United States and Europe out of the equation, the global market continued to grow, driven by the Chinese and Canadian wind power sectors.

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13th annual overview barometer

This publication provides a complete overview of ten renewable sectors, supplemented by two notes on concentrated solar power and ocean energy. Additionally, for the fourth year running, the EurObserv'ER consortium members have published their annual renewable energy share estimates of overall final energy consumption for each Member State of the European Union. This issue also provides with the importance of the sectors in terms of employment and turnover. Finally, for the first time, a chapter dedicated to investment in RES sectors in Europe shows how the sectors are making their way through the economic crisis.

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Satisfaction survey

Solid biomass barometer

5.4% The growth of primary energy production from solid biomass in the EU between 2011 and 2012
Primary energy production from solid biomass is back on the road to growth, which according to EurObserv'ER stood at about 5.4% between 2011 and 2012. Output rose to 82.3 million tonnes of oil equivalent, which is a 4.2 Mtoe improvement on 2011, whose exceptionally mild winter put paid to the sector's uninterrupted rise since 1999. This growth was enjoyed by all the solid biomass energy application sectors. Heat sales to heating networks increased 12.9% to 7.9 Mtoe in 2012 while electricity production, boosted by coal-fired power station conversions, gained 7.8% to produce 79.5 TWh.

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Heat pump barometer

7.9% the decrease of the heat pump market in the European Union between 2011 and 2012
Demand on the European heat pump market has been a series of peaks and troughs since 2008 after several years of very strong growth. These fluctuations in annual sales affect the whole of Europe, and its individual countries. Sales have been hit by a blend of economic slowdown, financial uncertainties and low new construction figures. The 2012 trend pointed to further decline, because of tighter conditions in some of the key markets. The assessment made by EurObserv'ER of the air source and ground source HP market for domestic heating and cooling shows that sales decreased from 1.79 million units in 2011 to 1.65 million units in 2012, i.e. a 7.9% drop.

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Biofuels barometer 2013

+ 2.9% the increase in EU biofuel consumption in transport between 2011 and 2012
Despite the uncertain political context, biofuel consumption growth was firm in the European Union, rising to almost 14.4 million toe in 2012, i.e. a year-on-year increase of 0.4 million toe. However the previous years' weaker growth trend is confirmed with growth at just 2.9% between 2011 and 2012.

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Solar thermal and concentrated solar power barometer 2013

1 959,7 MWe The CSP plant electrical generating capacity in the EU at the end of 2012
The European concentrated solar power plant market is steeling itself for tough time ahead. The number of projects under construction is a pittance compared with 2012 that was an excellent year for installations (an additional 802.5 MW of capacity recorded). This drop is the result of the moratorium on renewable energy power plants introduced by the Spanish government. The European solar thermal market is hardly any more encouraging. EurObserv'ER holds that it slipped for the fourth year in a row (it dropped 5.5% between 2011 and 2012). The newly-installed solar thermal collector surface area in the EU now stands at 3.4 million m2, far short of its 2008 installation record of 4.6 million m2.

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Photovoltaic barometer 2013

68 647,2 MWp in the European Union at the end of 2012
After the euphoria of 2011, the European Union's photovoltaic market slowed right down in 2012. EurObserv'ER puts newly-connected capacity in 2012 at 16.5 GWp compared to 22 GWp in 2011, which is a 25% slide. At global level the market generally held up, with just over 30 GWp installed, bolstered by the build-up of the America and Asian markets.

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Wind power barometer 2013

+12,3 % the growth of the total wind power capacity in the EU in 2012
Wind power makes further inroads into the world's electricity mix every year. It looks as though global wind power capacity will increase by another 44 184MW in 2012, and so raise global installed capacity to more than 281 GW. Growth in 2012 was driven by the United States, which chalked up a new installation record, and Europe, which remains a safe bet in the world market. The Asian market weakened a little but its potential for this year nonetheless looks bright.
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12th annual overview barometer

This publication provides a complete overview of ten renewable sectors, supplemented by two notes on concentrated solar power and ocean energy. Additionally, for the third year running, the EurObserv'ER consortium members have published their annual renewable energy share estimates of overall final energy consumption for each Member State of the European Union. This issue also provides with the importance of the sectors in terms of employment and turnover. A focus on specific regions that were successful in developing RES sectors shows what are motivating factors for investors on the regional level.

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Solid biomass barometer

-2,9 % the growth of primary energy production from solid biomass in the EU between 2010 and 2011.
The winter of 2011 was exceptionally mild, even in Northern Europe, with unusually high temperatures. As a result the demand for firewood and solid biomass fuel was low. The European Union’s primary energy production from solid biomass between 2010 and 2011 contracted by 2.9% slipping to 78.8 Mtoe. Solid biomass electricity production continued to grow, driven by the additional take-up of biomass co-firing.

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Biogas barometer

+ 18,2 % biogas electricity production growth in 2011.
Biogas energy recovery for both electricity and heat application has increased in the European Union. The magnitude of the reduction in the primary energy figure can be played down as it can be explained by a change in reporting method of the main producer country, Germany. New markets are starting to emerge in its footsteps, but the economic crisis and regulatory restrictions do not auger well for their expansion.

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Renewable municipal waste barometer

+ 2,6 % the growth of primary energy output from renewable municipal waste in the EU relative to 2010.
Energy recovery by incinerating household refuse in the European Union led to renewable energy production of more than 8.2 million tonnes of oil equivalent in 2011, which is a 2.6% increase on 2010. While the increase in waste-to-energy recovery is preferable to using landfills, under no circumstances should this growth be made at the cost of waste prevention and recycling policies.

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Biofuels barometer

+ 3,1 % the increase in EU biofuel transport consumption in 2011
The European Union governments no longer view the rapid increase in biofuel consumption as a priority. Between 2010 and 2011 biofuel consumption increased by 3.1%, which translates into 14 million tonnes of oil equivalent (toe) used in 2011 compared to 13.6 million toe in 2010. The European Union’s attention has shifted to setting up sustainability systems to verify that the biofuel used in the various countries complies with the Renewable Energy Directive’s sustainability criteria.

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Solar thermal and concentrated solar power barometer

27 545 MWth: the EU's solar thermal base to date at the end of 2011

1 157,2 MWe: the CSP plant electrical generating capacity in the EU at the end of 2011

After two years of sharp decline, the European solar thermal market is bottoming out. The EurObserv’ER survey findings are that the installation figure fell just 1.9% in comparison with 2010, giving a newly-installed collector area of 3.7 million m2. The concentrated solar power sector has been forging ahead alongside the heat production applications, and at the end of 2011 installed capacity passed the one gigawatt mark in Spain for the first time with 1 157.2 MWe

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Photovoltaic barometer

51 357,4 MWp in the EU at the end of 2011
The global photovoltaic market has continued to expand despite the economic and financial crisis. Capacity in excess of 29 000 MWp was connected in 2011, which is roughly 12 200 MWp more than in 2010. The European Union is still the main hive of installation activity. It added more than 21 500 additional MWp of capacity to the grid last year, while outside the EU, the surging Chinese, American and Japanese markets vouch for the enormous growth potential offered by solar power worldwide.

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Wind power barometer

5,9 % decrease in the EU wind turbine market registered between 2010 and 2011
Notwithstanding the economic crisis affecting most of the globe’s major economies, wind energy continues to gain supporters around the world. Global wind power capacity increased by 40.5 GW between 2010 and 2011 compared to a 39 GW rise between 2009 and 2010, after deduction of decommissioned capacity. By the end of 2011 global installed wind turbine capacity should stand at around 238.5 GW, and much of the world’s growth is being driven by capacity build-up in the emerging markets. In contrast some of the key wind energy markets may be showing fault lines.

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11th annual overview barometer

For over ten years now, EurObserv'ER has been collecting data on European Union renewable energy sources to describe the state and thrust of the various sectors in its thematic barometers. The first part of this assessment is an updated and completed summary of the work published in 2011 in Systèmes Solaires (Journal des Énergies Renouvelables nos. 203, 204, 205 and 206, Journal de l'Éolien no. 8 and Journal du Photovoltaïque no.5). It provides a complete overview of the ten renewable sectors, supplemented by two summary notes on concentrated solar power and ocean energies. Their performances are compared against the 2020 targets of the European Commission directive and the Renewable Energy National Action Plan targets. This edition also provides a monitoring of socio-economic indicators (employment and turnover) for all sectors and for the 27 countries of the European Union. This 11th edition includes a new chapter with seven regional cases that have succeeded in attracting private investments in their territories to develop projects based on renewable technologies.

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Solid biomass barometer

+ 8 % The growth of primary energy production from solid biomass in the EU between 2009 and 2010
The european Union Member states’ political resolve to develop the energy potential of solid biomass has started to pay off, as in 2010 there were clear signs that growth of primary energy production had quickened pace. The output figure rose to 79.3 Mtoe in 2010, which is 8% up on 2009 and deserves comparison with the previous year’s 4% rise (from 70.6 Mtoe in 2008). The trend, which was driven deeper by europe’s particularly cold winter of 2009-2010, demonstrates that the economic downturn failed to scuttle the Member states’ efforts to structure the solid biomass sector.

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Ground-source heat pump barometer

2,9% slide by the GHSP market in the EU between 2009 and 2010
The double whammy dealt by the economic crisis and housing slump has stifled expansion of the ground-source heat pump market in many European countries. The European Union market contracted for the second year running (by 2.9% between 2009 and 2010), and this despite the fact that more than 100 000 units were sold over the twelve-month period, taking the number of installed units past the one million mark.

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Biofuels barometer

13,6 % the increase in EU biofuel consumption in 2010
In 2010 biofuel continued to gnaw away at petrol and diesel consumption in the European Union. However its pace backs the assertion that EU biofuel consumption growth slackened off. In the transport sector, it increased by only 1.7 Mtoe compared to 2.7 Mtoe in 2009. The final total biofuel consumption figure for 2010 should hover at around 13,9 Mtoe.

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Solar thermal and concentrated solar power barometer

638,4 MWe The CSP plant electrical generating capacity
in the EU at the end of 2010

As could be expected, the recession cast long shadows over the European solar thermal market throughout 2010. For the second year running, new installations for hot water production and space heating (collectors) decreased. According to the EurObserv’ER survey the newly-assigned surface area was 3.8 million m2 in 2010, down from 4.2 million m2 in 2009 and 4.6 million m2 in 2008. At the same time, the European high-temperature solar sector related to electricity production has been taking shape alongside the heat-producing applications, with 638.4 MW already installed. Spain accounts for almost all of this capacity, and a further five EU countries, mostly Mediterranean, intend to develop the sector.

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PHOTOVOLTAIC BAROMETER

29327,7 MWp in the EU
The photovoltaic sector is continuing on track, just as the extent of solar energy’s electricity-generating potential is dawning on the public mind. The annual global installation figure was up more than twofold in 2010 (rising from just short of 7 000 MWp in 2009).
It leapt to over 16 000 MWp, bringing worldwide installed photovoltaic capacity close to 38000 MWp.

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WIND POWER barometer

5,8 % decrease in the EU wind turbine market registered between 2009 and 2010
For the first time in 20 years, growth of the global wind power market faltered, stumbling by 5.8% to 35.7 GW in 2010 (37.9 GW in 2009). The North American market has taken a knock and the European market has slowed down. On the other hand Asian market growth has crept up steadily and now has a grip on more than half the global market.

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Renewable municipal waste barometer

7,7 Mtep of primary energy produced from the combustion of renewable municipal waste in the European Union in 2009
Approximately half the energy produced in Union European’s municipal waste incinération plants is obtained from fermentescible waste (ie biomass waste). To date, incinération is still the main energy conversion channel for renewable municipal waste, for in 2009, biomass energy output stood at 7.7 million toe, which is a 3.3% increase on 2008. Furthermore, this amount could be doubled, assuming a constant level of waste, by investing in modernisation and combustion efficiency improvements.

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Biogas Barometer

8,3 Mtep of primary biogas energy produced in 2009 in the EU
The biogas sector has never before aroused so much attention as it does today. Elected officers and investors’ interest has been fired by the gradual introduction of regulatory restrictions on the treatment of organic waste and the renewable energy commitments recently made by the european Union member states. The biogas sector is gradually deserting its core activities of waste cleanup and treatment and getting involved in energy production, with so much enthusiasm that in some countries its scope of action has extended to using energy crops. Across the european Union, the sector’s progress is as clear as daylight, as in 2009, primary energy growth leapt by a further 4,3%.

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Solid biomass barometer

72,8 Mtep primary energy production from solid biomass in the EU in 2009
Solid biomass leaves the other renewable energy sources standing in terms of use and potential. Primary energy output from solid biomass combustion rose in 2009 yet again to a new height of 72.8 Mtoe, which equates to a 3.6% increase on 2008. The reason for this exploit, which prevailed over the tight economic context, is the resolve made by many countries to rely on this energy to achieve their european electricity or heat production target levels.

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Biofuels barometer

12.1 Mtoe of biofuels consumed in the transport sector in the EU in 2009
European Union biofuel use for transport reached the 12 million tonnes of oil equivalent (mtoe) threshold during 2009, heralding a further drop in the pace of the sector’s growth, which rose by only 18.7% between 2008 and 2009 – just 1.9 mtoe of consumption over the previous year. The biofuel incorporation rate in all fuels used by transport in the EU is unlikely to pass 4% in 2009, which is a very long way short of the 5.75% goal for 2010 set in the 2003 European biofuel directive, which would require around 18 mtoe of biofuel use.

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Solar thermal barometer

22 786,1 MWth in the EU
In 2008, the European solar thermal market put on a strong spurt only to mark time in 2009 with about 4.2 million m2 installed, which is 443 708 m2 less year-on-year. The economic crisis has had a ripple effect on the European market in the shape of the Euro crisis at the beginning of May, so the slump seems set to continue on into 2010.

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Photovoltaic Barometer

15861,2 MWp in the EU
The global photovoltaic market expanded again in 2009. Germany set a new system installation record while the capacity build-up of the major solar photovoltaic markets contained the fallout generated by the Iberian market derailment. The European Union has the highest photovoltaic plant capacity, with almost 5.5 GWp installed in 2009.

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Wind power barometer

+13,3% EU wind turbine market growth between 2008 and 2009
The global wind power market not only repelled the strictures of the financial crisis,but according to initial estimates, saw the installation of 37 GW, which is almost 10 GW up on 2008. China and the United States registered particularly steady growth and the European Union also picked up momentum to break its installation record.

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